Phases of the Systems Development Life Cycle Flashcards


  • Systems development life cycle
  • Expert Systems Construction
  • Operations and maintenance
  • Integration
  • Phase 6: implementation
  • What is DevOps Methodology? Definition, Advantages and more

The third phase is the moment when end users have an opportunity to discuss and decide their specific information needs. This is also the phase where essential components of the system and structure are considered. In short, this phase consists of collecting and interpreting facts, diagnosing issues, and proposing improvements for the system. It is vital to have as diverse a team as possible during this phase. If the data is identical between the manual process and the system, then the system is deployed. Regression Testing – verifies that software that was previously developed and tested still performs correctly after it was changed or interfaced with other software.

Share your plan with your team and key stakeholders to provide visibility, and assign tasks to individuals to ensure nothing slips through the cracks. Regardless of the process implemented and the tools used, all require the crucial element of documentation to support findings, close iterative phases, and to analyze success. Today’s increasing demand for data and information security also factor into the overall planning, training, testing, and deployment of a system. The iterative and phased stages of an SDLC benefit from the leadership of a dedicated project manager. The major goal of an SDLC is to provide cost effective and appropriate enhancements or changes to the information system that meet overall corporate goals.

Systems development life cycle

Developers must now enter maintenance mode and begin practising any procedures necessary to address issues identified by end users. This phase lays out what will happen during the project’s life cycle and decides whether or not it will succeed. At this point, the team structure, time frame, budget, security, and other critical issues should all be considered. This post offers a thorough examination of the system development life cycle.

place the stages of the systems development life cycle in order

Furthermore, developers will often create a software requirement specification or SRS document. The design stage takes as its input the requirements already defined. An output artifact does not need to be completely defined to serve as input of object-oriented design; analysis and design may occur in parallel.

Expert Systems Construction

Once the “skeleton” has some meat on its bones, it is time to test it. The product might still be in the final stages of the development process, but even early testing is fine. It helps to find bugs and other errors that might have been hidden in the code.

place the stages of the systems development life cycle in order

Before looking to launch a new system, it is important to first understand what is needed to develop the system successfully. The business systems analyst should have a good idea of what the company requires from a particular system while considering what the client needs from the company. The point of a good system is to marry the two needs at the most efficient and systems development life cycle phases cost-effective manner. In the requirement analysis phase, the analyst should draw up a list of everything needed from the company to develop the best system, all the while bearing in mind what resources are actually available. One of the fundamental aspects of business systems analysis is to consider the value and the efficiency of the systems within a company.

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Operations and maintenance

There is a lot of literature on specific systems development life cycle methodologies, tools, and applications for successful system deployment. Books such as David Avison and Guy Fitzgerald’s Information Systems Development and Alan Daniels and Don Yeates’ Basic Systems Analysis, delve into the intricacies of information systems development lifecycles. SDLC methodologies fit within a flexibility spectrum ranging from agile to iterative to sequential. Agile methodologies, such as XP and Scrum, focus on lightweight processes that allow for rapid changes.

  • The framework is structured in a methodical way, and is used to offer an outline for the development and adjustment of technical and non-technical components of a high-quality system.
  • The first phase of the systems development life cycle is systems ________.
  • In comparison to smaller systems, larger systems may require more maintenance phases.
  • Developers clearly know the goals they need to meet and the deliverables they must achieve by a set timeline, lowering the risk of time and resources being wasted.
  • The Hunter Business School Web Application Design and Development program has a class that teaches the system development Life cycle.
  • It is vital to have as diverse a team as possible during this phase.

If it performs the tasks correctly and represents the system, the developer moves on to the next phase of maintenance within the system development life cycle. The conceptual design stage is the stage where an identified need is examined, requirements for potential solutions are defined, potential solutions are evaluated, and a system specification is developed. The system specification represents the technical requirements that will provide overall guidance for system design. Because this document determines all future development, the stage cannot be completed until a conceptual design review has determined that the system specification properly addresses the motivating need.

Empower your people to go above and beyond with a flexible platform designed to match the needs of your team — and adapt as those needs change. The V-Shaped Model is an adaptation of Waterfall that has testing as an integral part to close each phase. The Waterfall Method is a steady sequence of activity that flows in a downward direction much like its name. This traditional engineering process that closes each phase upon completion is often criticized for being too rigid. Some consider the structured nature of SDLC to be time and cost prohibitive.

Once the design is approved, it is time to proceed to the development stage. Your coders will have to spend sleepless nights in order to write the code, fine-tune all the aspects of the software, and, basically, this is where the “skeleton” of the software is created. Before starting development on a new system, it’s critical to understand how an SDLC will fulfil the overall requirements and help achieve the best result.


During this phase of the System Development Life Cycle, the requirements and desired functions are described in great detail, including process charts, rules, and other documentation. SDLC can be used to develop or engineer software, systems, and even information systems. It can also be used to develop hardware or a combination of both software and hardware at the same time. SDLC models can therefore help projects to iterate and improve upon themselves over and over until essentially perfect. SDLC models implement checks and balances to ensure that all software is tested before being installed in greater source code. SDLC provides a number of advantages to development teams that implement it correctly.

Developers must now move into a maintenance mode and begin practicing any activities required to handle issues reported by end-users. After testing, the overall design for the software will come together. Different modules or designs will be integrated into the primary source code through developer efforts, usually by leveraging training environments to detect further errors or defects.

The end-user’s requirements should be determined and documented, what their expectations are for the system, and how it will perform. ________ testing involves testing of the capabilities of the system in the user environment with actual data. ________ testing is testing of the overall system to see whether it meets design requirements.

Phase 6: implementation

Phases 4 through 7 represent an iterative process whereby a prototypical ES is evolved, and the final prototype developed through these iterative phases is installed in an operating environment. The next section presents more detailed descriptions of each phase and discusses existing literature and findings in light of these phases. SDLC is used across the IT industry, but SDLC focuses on security when used in context of the exam. Think of “our” SDLC as the secure systems development life cycle; the security is implied.

What is DevOps Methodology? Definition, Advantages and more

The Forensic Laboratory does not perform development or modification on purchased software packages. 3.Change management procedures for operational software are implemented. 2.Test criteria are met prior to implementation of operational software. System owners should validate that the alignment of RMF tasks to SDLC phases matches the practices and process standards in their own agencies.

The objective of the systems design phase is to transform all requirements into detailed specifications covering all aspects of the system. Finally, approval to progress to the development phase must be granted to complete the systems design phase. Before the preliminary analysis is complete, the developer performs feasibility studies to determine whether to fix the existing system or create a new system to replace the old. A systems development life cycle is composed of distinct work phases that are used by systems engineers and systems developers to deliver information systems.

These elements describe the system in sufficient detail that developers and engineers can develop and deliver the system with minimal additional input. At the end of the development phase, the systems might look fully operational, but it is important that they are first tested before going live. This irons out any kinks in the systems to make sure that it is working as perfectly as it should be. In the testing phase, the system should undergo critical scrutiny in different scenarios. If any bugs or issues are found, the team should set to resolve them without upsetting the rest of the system. Each has advantages and disadvantages that must be considered in order to make an informed selection.

In most use cases, a system is an IT technology such as hardware and software. Project and program managers typically take part in SDLC, along with system and software engineers, development teams and end-users. SDLC products from software vendors promise organizational clarity, modern process development procedures, legacy application strategies, and improved security features. Vendors such as Oracle, Airbrake, and Veracode provide software development solutions in their complete enterprise software offerings.